Traditionally, alcohol is also used to mark the beginning and end of war and peace making. There are several types of alcoholic substances in our society. Beer for example contains carbohydrate, protein, minerals, carbon dioxide and vitamins. It can easily be made into a readily available and tasty beverage.
Burukutu is derived from fermented grains of guinea corns, millet or maize; Busa also derived from fermented flower grains mixed with honey all found in Northern part of Africa. The other is palm wine which is a fermented liquid derived from palm tree juice in the southern part of Africa. These drinks are medically less harmful to human health, but “Ogogoro or kai-kai”, a form of locally distilled spirit from palm wine is more injurious to human life because of the higher concentration of chemical compound of ethanol present in it.
Psychologically, excess consumption of alcohol causes intoxication, loss of appetite, vomiting, enlargement of abdomen, and impairment of vision as well as speech co-ordination.Furthermore, a dependent of alcohol may likely suffer from loss of cells, memory, depression and aggressive behavior, blood pressure, irregular heart beat and sudden death.
Similarly, high concentration increases acid production in the stomach, which may leads to stomach ulcer, cancer of throat, mouth, breast and liver respectively. It also impairs operation of machines including driving. These accounts for the reasons where by restriction have been placed on driving the influence of alcohol.
Additionally, one’s chance of surviving an emergency surgery diminishes as a result of the effect of alcohol on the heart and the circulatory system. When a pregnant woman drinks, the developing fetus also follow suit. Consequently, children affected by this syndrome are likely to suffer from mental retardation impairment, stunted growth, sight disorders and other deformities.