Most Type II Diabetes is Preventable

Several recent studies show that most cases of Type II

diabetes can be prevented with the diabetic medications,

metformin, Avandia or perhaps Actos (Lancet, September 29,

2006; Diabetes Care, Volume 29, 2006). An earlier study

showed that lifestyle changes were even more effective in

preventing diabetes than drugs (Annals of Pharmacotherapy,

July 2004).

People most likely to develop diabetes have a family

history of diabetes, are overweight, and store fat primarily in the

belly, rather than the hips. They often have a thick neck, male

pattern baldness, high blood levels of triglycerides and low levels

of the good HDL cholesterol, and do not exercise. Pre-diabetes

is defined as having a fasting blood sugar greater than 100 but

less than 125, a one-hour-after-eating blood sugar greater than

160 but less than 200, and an HBA1c greater than 5.7 but less

than 6. (HBA1c is a blood test that measures how much sugar is

stuck on cells).

If pre-diabetics take medications used to treat diabetes,

or change their lifestyles, they markedly reduce their chances of

going on to develop diabetes. Both the prevention and treatment

of diabetes involves preventing blood sugar levels from rising too

high after meals. To do this, a person should avoid the foods

that cause the highest rises in blood sugar levels, such as those

made from flour, those with added sugar, and sugar water found

in fruit juices and many soft drinks. Other recommendations are

to lose weight, exercise, and eat fewer calories.

If you fit the

description of a person at risk for diabetes, check with your

doctor and get a blood test called HBA1C. If the value is greater

than 5.6, you should start your diabetic prevention regimen

immediately.



Source by Gabe Mirkin, M.D.

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