Heart and blood vessel disease are two of the complications of Type 2 diabetes, and keeping your blood pressure normal is helpful in preventing heart attacks and strokes. Traffic noise is one form of pollution many people deal with every day, and investigators at the Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute set out to discover whether noise pollution could have an affect upon blood pressure. Their results were published in the journal Environmental Health Perspectives in June 2011.
Six thousand four hundred and fifty participants were questioned about how train and traffic noise affected them, and their blood pressures (BP) were monitored. Additional information about noise was obtained from the Swiss Office of Environment.
- train noise was associated with higher BP among volunteers both with and without diabetes, and
- traffic noise was associated with higher BP in those with diabetes.
Noise pollution is annoying for most people, and anyone diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes is vulnerable to high BP. When selecting a place to live, diabetics and their families might want to select quiet neighborhoods with little traffic, far from train tracks and airports. Sound-proofing a home is also possible, using foam, vinyl acoustical barriers, and padding under carpets.
Blood pressure is the force of the blood against the walls of the arteries. It is expressed as two numbers, the systolic and diastolic. The systolic expresses the pressure when the heart beats and the diastolic is the pressure between beats. The normal range for the systolic blood pressure is 90 to 140 mm of mercury and the normal range for the diastolic is between 50 and 90 mm of mercury.
In most cases of high blood pressure the cause is never known, but some known causes include:
- diet, and
A good body mass index (BMI) is between 18.5 and 24.9. To find your BMI go to the website at nhibisupport.com/bmi/ with your height and weight.
Men should not have more than two alcoholic drinks per day and women should not have more than one alcoholic drink daily to keep their BP in check.
Chronological aging is something we cannot control but staying active can help to slow down the biological aging process.
Keeping stress to minimal levels can help prevent the fight or flight response, which can raise the blood pressure.
A diet low in salt, or sodium chloride, can help keep blood pressure to a minimum. Potassium, magnesium and calcium should be included in the diet in sufficient quantities.
Going for a walk every day can also help to lower the blood pressure.